Information Masculinising Genital Operations

On this page you will find an overview of information about masculinizing and defeminizing genital surgery.
We encourage you to review all of the information on this page to get a full picture of the different treatment options and the process surrounding them. Click on the start button to start at the beginning of the information.

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Social and mental support

Where can you find reliable information about social and mental support? Read it here

No operation (yet)

Are you still in doubt about whether or not to have genital surgery, or are you on the waiting list? In the meantime, you can take certain steps towards your transition.


Are you starting hormone treatment and/or genital surgery? Then it is important to first consider any future wish to have children of your own and to preserve your fertility.

Preparing for the genital operation

To be eligible for genital surgery, you must be well informed and meet a number of criteria. A summary of the various genital surgeries for masculinisation are described below, followed by the related criteria.

Hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)

Hysterectomy is a gynecological surgery in which the uterus is removed. Read all about the treatment option on this page!

Colpectomy (removal of the vagina)

Colpectomy is a gynecological surgery in which the vagina is removed. Here you can read all about the surgery and the recovery process.


Below, you can read about the procedure, the risks of the operation and the period after the operation. The illustrations give you more insight into the surgical procedure itself.


Phalloplasty is a surgery in which a penis is made with tissue from elsewhere in your body. The technique depends on your physical characteristics and desires.

Prosthetics after genital surgery

After genital surgery for masculinisation, prosthetics can be placed. Prosthetic testicles are possible after metoidioplasty and phalloplasty. Erectile devices are possible after phalloplasty.


Would you rather have your genital surgery abroad?

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S. E. Mokken, M. D. van Eick

Afdeling Plastische, Reconstructieve- en Handchirurgie

Kennis- en Zorgcentrum Genderdysforie

Amsterdam UMC, locatie VUmc | 4D118

De Boelelaan 1117, 1081HV Amsterdam, Nederland


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